Glossary of Speleological and Caving Terms

Copyright © Australian Speleological Federation Inc. 2002

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WALKING In caving, a passage in which there is enough head room to walk upright. cf Flattener, Crawlway, Stooping.
Cave - Parts of. Ref MM
WATER SINK (Looking for a definition)
Speleology term. Ref MM
WATER TRACING Determination of water connection between points of stream disappearance or of soil water seepage and points of reappearance on the surface or underground.
Survey & Mapping term. Ref JJ
WATER TRAP A place where a cave roof dips under water but lifts above it farther on. Cf. duck (-under).
Speleology term. Ref JJ
WATERTABLE The surface between phreatic water which completely fills voids in the rock, and ground air, which partially fills higher voids.
Speleology term. Ref JJ
WELL A deep rounded hole in a cave floor or on the surface in karst. cf Rockhole.
Cave - Parts of. Ref JJ
WET CAVE A cave containing a lake, often a non flowing (or extremely slow flowing) lake at water table. cf Dead cave, Dry cave.
Cave - Kinds of. Ref MM
WET SUIT A garment of foam neoprene that insulates a diver from the cold by allowing a thin film of water to penetrate between the suit and the body.
Diving terms. Ref JJ
WHALETAIL A descender consisting of an aluminium block with slots, knobs and a safety gate.
Speleology term. Ref JJ
WHISTLE SIGNALS In climbing, 1= Stop, 2= Up, 3= Down. The SUD acronym is used widely. 4 = OK/Safe, and 1 long blast = Help is also used.
Climbing and SRT. Ref GB
WINDOW An irregular opening through a thin rock wall in a cave. A similar hole that forms a cave entrance.
Speleology term. Ref JJ
WIRE LADDER A flexible lightweight ladder of steel wires and aluminium alloy rungs.
Climbing and SRT. Ref MM

Copyright © Australian Speleological Federation Inc. 2002

The Glossary of Speleological and Caving Terms is the copyright property of the
AUSTRALIAN SPELEOLOGICAL FEDERATION INC. (ASF) and any reproduction of it either in part or in full, should have the approval of the ASF, and such reproduction should be accompanied by a copyright notice similar to this one.

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First Draft for Comment - 3rd March 1998.
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