Glossary of Speleological and Caving Terms
G

Copyright © Australian Speleological Federation Inc. 2002

[ Contents | F | H ]


GALLERY A cave chamber that is rather large and nearly horizontal. May be adorned with natural decorations.
Cave - Parts of. Ref WM
GARDENING Clearing stones or other material from a route either to (1) moderate potential danger of falling stones (2) increase accessibility.
Speleology term. Ref JJ
GASTROPOD 'stomach footed', a class of molluscs eg snail, having a shell of a single valve, usually spirally coiled.
Fauna. Ref MM
GENUS A group of species thought to have a fairly recent ancestor, but which do not interbreed, or if they do, they form sterile hybrids.
Biology - Flora & Fauna. Ref MM
GENUS 6th rank in Taxonomic system. Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species. Genus + Species constitute a unique name for all known species of living or extinct organisms.
Biology - Flora & Fauna. Ref MM
GEOCONSERVATION The conservation of geodiversity protecting natural values that encompass its ecological and geoheritage values.
Conservation. Ref MM
GEODIVERSITY The range or diversity of geologic (bedrock), geomorphic (landform) and soil features, assemblages, systems and processes.
Geology. Ref MM
GEOLOGY The study of the earth, its rocks, and how it changes, or has changed. Includes earth sciences, such as geology, geophysics, earth history, stratigraphy, paleontology, mineralogy.
Geology. Ref MM
GIBBS An ascender with its cam operated by the weight of the climber.
Climbing and SRT. Ref JJ
GLACIER CAVE A cave formed within or beneath a glacier. Having walls, floor & roof mainly of ice. May have have a floor at least partly of bedrock.
Cave - Kinds of. Ref JJ
GLACIOKARST Karst landscape which has been glaciated during or since the Ice Ages.
Karst - Kinds of. Ref TW
GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM GPS. Hand held device that computes position in latitude/longitude or in map grid reference. Uses Satellite technology.
Survey & Mapping term. Ref MM
GLOSSARY This Glossary (compiled by M Meth Feb 98) is the copyright property of the Australian Speleological Federation inc (ASF).
Miscellaneous terms. Ref MM
GOUR Syn. Rimstone dam.
Cave - Depositional Features. Ref JJ
GPS See Global Positioning System.
Survey & Mapping term. Ref MM
GRADE The class of a cave survey on the basis of the precision of the instruments and the accuracy of the methods.
Survey & Mapping term. Ref JJ
GRID A system of squares on a map formed by straight lines that denote distance east and north of a fixed point of origin.
Survey & Mapping term. Ref JJ
GRID NORTH The direction of a north-south grid line on a map. Only at the point of origin is this equal to True north.
Survey & Mapping term. Ref JJ
GRIKE A solutional trench that may be deep, narrow, vertical (or nearly so) rectilinear slot in a rock outcrop due to solution along a joint. Syn Kluftkarren.
Speleology term. Ref JJ
GROT HOLE A small and insignificant cave with no leads, often tight and difficult to maneuver in.
Speleology term. Ref MM
GROTTO A room of moderate dimensions in a cave, but richly decorated.
Cave - Parts of. Ref JJ
GROUND TROG A search on the surface for cave entrances. Or merely the walk from car or camp to a (known) cave, particularly if the terrain is difficult.
Speleology term. Ref MM
GROUNDWATER Water below the level at which all voids in the rock are completely filled saturated. Syn. phreatic water in saturated zone below water table.
Speleology term. Ref JJ
GUANO The accumulation of dung from bats or birds. Often partly mineralised, and includes rock fragments, animal remains eg bones. Guano also may contain products of reactions between the excretions and the rock.
Speleology term. Ref JJ
GUANOBIA An animal association feeding on guano. Not considered true cavernicoles? as guano is not confined to caves.
Cave - Biota. Ref JJ
GYPSUM The mineral hydrated calcium sulphate CaSO4.2(H2O)
Speleology term. Ref JJ
GYPSUM FLOWER An elongated and curving deposit of gypsum on a cave surface.
Cave - Depositional Features. Ref JJ

Copyright © Australian Speleological Federation Inc. 2002

The Glossary of Speleological and Caving Terms is the copyright property of the
AUSTRALIAN SPELEOLOGICAL FEDERATION INC. (ASF) and any reproduction of it either in part or in full, should have the approval of the ASF, and such reproduction should be accompanied by a copyright notice similar to this one.

[ Top | Contents | F | H ]

Contact Glenn Baddeley if you have any other problems with this page.
First Draft for Comment - 3rd March 1998.
Generated on 08 Mar 2002 from data files gl980303.csv rf980303.csv tc980303.csv.